Stone Tool Making Techniques: Hard-Hammer shaping

Cobbles and flake blanks were often shaped into tools by hard-hammer percussion.  Some tools, such as handaxes from the early archaeological record, and edge-ground axes made in later prehistory, were shaped entirely by striking off flakes with a hard hammerstone.  

Biface handaxe Camooweal


Axe blank Manchester UK

Stone Axe Blank

Adze, Langda

Stone Adze

Pebble edge core Moonee Beach ARPA 1

Pebble-Edged Core