Type:  Gravettian Shouldered Point

Location: Kostenki, Russia



MoST ID: 1716

Pedestal Link: https://une.pedestal3d.com/r/ILYZrs023-

Model Author:  University of Oxford

This flint shouldered point is from Kostënki 13, an Upper Palaeolithic site on the Don River, Russia. The artefact dates to ca. 27,000-28,000 BP, during the Eastern Gravettian period.

Kostënki 13 was excavated by A.N. Rogachev from the 1950s to the 1970s. The site is typical of the Kostënki-Avdeevo Culture of the Eastern Gravettian.  The famous mammoth bone structures were discovered at the Kostënki site complex, including one discovered in 2014 at Kostënki 11, dating to ca. 22,500 BP.  The Gravettian was an Upper Palaeolithic culture in Europe that subsisted by hunting large game in a glacial landscape.  They are credited with the first use of the bow-and-arrow in Europe, and shouldered points may have been arrowheads.  However, the artefact in the model is twice the size of most shouldered points from the site, and it likely functioned as a knife.

The artefact is curated by the Institute for the History of Material Culture, Saint Petersburg.